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Davis-Stirling Common Interest Development Act

Part 5.  Common Interest Developments

Chapter 5.  Property Use and Maintenance

Article 1.  Protected Uses

§4745.
Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

(a) Any covenant, restriction, or condition contained in any deed, contract, security instrument, or other instrument affecting the transfer or sale of any interest in a common interest development, and any provision of a governing document, as defined in Section 4150, that either effectively prohibits or unreasonably restricts the installation or use of an electric vehicle charging station in an owner's designated parking space, including, but not limited to, a deeded parking space, a parking space in an owner's exclusive use common area, or a parking space that is specifically designated for use by a particular owner, or is in conflict with the provisions of this section is void and unenforceable.

(b) (1) This section does not apply to provisions that impose reasonable restrictions on electric vehicle charging stations. However, it is the policy of the state to promote, encourage, and remove obstacles to the use of electric vehicle charging stations.

(2) For purposes of this section, "reasonable restrictions" are restrictions that do not significantly increase the cost of the station or significantly decrease its efficiency or specified performance.

(c) An electric vehicle charging station shall meet applicable health and safety standards and requirements imposed by state and local authorities, and all other applicable zoning, land use, or other ordinances, or land use permits.

(d) For purposes of this section, "electric vehicle charging station" means a station that is designed in compliance with the California Building Standards Code and delivers electricity from a source outside an electric vehicle into one or more electric vehicles. An electric vehicle charging station may include several charge points simultaneously connecting several electric vehicles to the station and any related equipment needed to facilitate charging plug-in electric vehicles.

(e) If approval is required for the installation or use of an electric vehicle charging station, the application for approval shall be processed and approved by the association in the same manner as an application for approval of an architectural modification to the property, and shall not be willfully avoided or delayed. The approval or denial of an application shall be in writing. If an application is not denied in writing within 60 days from the date of receipt of the application, the application shall be deemed approved, unless that delay is the result of a reasonable request for additional information.

(f) If the electric vehicle charging station is to be placed in a common area or an exclusive use common area, as designated in the common interest development's declaration, the following provisions apply:

(1) The owner first shall obtain approval from the association to install the electric vehicle charging station and the association shall approve the installation if the owner agrees in writing to do all of the following:

(A) Comply with the association's architectural standards for the installation of the charging station.

(B) Engage a licensed contractor to install the charging station.

(C) Within 14 days of approval, provide a certificate of insurance that names the association as an additional insured under the owner' s insurance policy in the amount set forth in paragraph (3).

(D) Pay for the electricity usage associated with the charging station.

(2) The owner and each successive owner of the charging station shall be responsible for all of the following:

(A) Costs for damage to the charging station, common area, exclusive use common area, or separate interests resulting from the installation, maintenance, repair, removal, or replacement of the charging station.

(B) Costs for the maintenance, repair, and replacement of the charging station until it has been removed and for the restoration of the common area after removal.

(C) The cost of electricity associated with the charging station.

(D) Disclosing to prospective buyers the existence of any charging station of the owner and the related responsibilities of the owner under this section.

(3) The owner and each successive owner of the charging station, at all times, shall maintain a homeowner liability coverage policy in the amount of one million dollars ($1,000,000) and shall name the association as a named additional insured under the policy with a right to notice of cancellation.

(4) A homeowner shall not be required to maintain a homeowner liability coverage policy for an existing National Electrical Manufacturers Association standard alternating current power plug.

(g) Except as provided in subdivision (h), installation of an electric vehicle charging station for the exclusive use of an owner in a common area, that is not an exclusive use common area, shall be authorized by the association only if installation in the owner's designated parking space is impossible or unreasonably expensive. In such cases, the association shall enter into a license agreement with the owner for the use of the space in a common area, and the owner shall comply with all of the requirements in subdivision (f).

(h) The association or owners may install an electric vehicle charging station in the common area for the use of all members of the association and, in that case, the association shall develop appropriate terms of use for the charging station.

(i) An association may create a new parking space where one did not previously exist to facilitate the installation of an electric vehicle charging station.

(j) An association that willfully violates this section shall be liable to the applicant or other party for actual damages, and shall pay a civil penalty to the applicant or other party in an amount not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000).

(k) In any action to enforce compliance with this section, the prevailing plaintiff shall be awarded reasonable attorney's fees.

Davis-Stirling Common Interest Development Act
Part 5.  Common Interest Developments
Chapter 1. General Provisions
Article 1. Preliminary Provisions
§ 4000.Citation
§ 4005.Headings
§ 4010.Effect of Act on Documents or Actions Before January 1, 2014
§ 4020.Construction of Zoning Ordinances
§ 4035.Delivery of Documents to Association
§ 4040.Individual Delivery or Individual Notice
§ 4045.General Delivery or General Notice
§ 4050.Completion of Delivery
§ 4055.Electronic Delivery
§ 4065.Approval by Majority Vote
§ 4070.Approval by Majority of a Quorum
Article 2. Definitions
§ 4075.Definitions
§ 4076.Annual Budget Report
§ 4078.Annual Policy Statement
§ 4080.Association
§ 4085.Board
§ 4090.Board Meeting
§ 4095.Common Area
§ 4100.Common Interest Development
§ 4105.Community Apartment Project
§ 4110.Community Service Organization or Similar Entity
§ 4120.Condominium Plan
§ 4125.Condominium Project
§ 4130.Declarant
§ 4135.Declaration
§ 4140.Director
§ 4145.Exclusive Use Common Area
§ 4148.General Notice
§ 4150.Governing Documents
§ 4153.Individual Notice
§ 4155.Item of Business
§ 4158.Managing Agent
§ 4160.Member
§ 4170.Person
§ 4175.Planned Development
§ 4177.Reserve Accounts
§ 4178.Reserve Account Requirements
§ 4185.Separate Interest
§ 4190.Stock Cooperative
Chapter 2. Application of Act
§ 4200.Application of Act; Creation of Common Interest Development
§ 4201.Requirement of Common Area
§ 4202.Nonapplicable Provisions for Commercial CIDs
Chapter 3. Governing Documents
Article 1. General Provisions
§ 4205.Controlling Authority
§ 4210.Assessments; Board Statements
§ 4215.Liberal Construction of Instruments
§ 4220.Boundaries of Units; Presumption
§ 4225.Discriminatory Restrictive Covenants; Removal from Governing Documents
§ 4230.Amendment of Governing Documents for Certain Declarant Provisions
§ 4235.Amendment of Governing Documents to Reflect Changes in the Davis-Stirling Common Interest Development Act
Article 2. Declaration
§ 4250.Declaration; Contents
§ 4255.Declaration; Notice of Airport in Vicinity; Notice of San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission Jurisdiction.
§ 4260.Permissible Amendment of Declaration
§ 4265.Extension of Term of Declaration
§ 4270.Amendment of Declaration; Effective Date
§ 4275.Amendment of Declaration; Power of Court to Approve Amendment; Recording Amendment; Mailing
Article 3. Articles of Incorporation
§ 4280.Articles of Incorporation; Identifying Corporation as Association; Business Office Address; Managing Agent's Name and Address
Article 4. Condominium Plan
§ 4285.Condominium Plan; Requirements
§ 4290.Certificate Consenting to Recordation of Condominium Plan; Signature Requirement
§ 4295.Condominium Plan; Amendment or Revocation
Article 5. Operating Rules 20
§ 4340.Operating Rules; Definitions
§ 4350.Validity of Operating Rules
§ 4355.Application of §4360 and §4365
§ 4360.Notice of Rule Change
§ 4365.Notice of Reversal of Rule Change
§ 4370.Application of Article
Chapter 4. Ownership and Transfer of Interests
Article 1. Ownership Rights and Interests
§ 4500.Ownership of Common Area
§ 4505.Common Area Rights and Easements
§ 4510.Access to Owners' Separate Interest
Article 2. Transfer Disclosure
§ 4525.Sale or Title Transfer; Provisions of Specified Items to Prospective Purchasers
§ 4528.Billing Disclosures
§ 4530.Sale or Title Transfer; Copies; Fees
§ 4535.Application of §1133 and §1134
§ 4540.Enforcement of Act
§ 4545.Validity of Title Transferred in Violation
Article 3. Transfer Fee
§ 4575.Prohibition of Fees
§ 4580.Exceptions
Article 4. Restrictions on Transfer
§ 4600.Granting Exclusive Use of Common Area
§ 4605.Actions for Violations
§ 4610.Partition
§ 4615.Labor Performed, Services or Materials
Article 5. Transfer of Separate Interest
§ 4625.Community Apartment Project Transfer of Separate Interest
§ 4630.Condominium Project Transfer of Separate Interest
§ 4635.Planned Development Transfer of Separate Interest
§ 4640.Stock Cooperative Transfer of Separate Interest
§ 4645.Transfer of Exclusive Use Areas
§ 4650.Restrictions on Partition
Chapter 5. Property Use and Maintenance
Article 1. Protected Uses
§ 4700.Limitations on Regulation of Separate Interest
§ 4705.Display of the Flag of the United States of America
§ 4710.Sign Restrictions
§ 4715.Restrictions on Pets
§ 4720.Roof Coverings; Fires and Fire Protection
§ 4725.Video or Television Antennas; Satellite Dish Systems; Restrictions on Installation; Application for Approval
§ 4730.Prohibition of Marketing Limitations
§ 4735.Low Water-using Plants; Water-Efficient Landscape Ordinances; Emergency Water Use Regulations
§ 4740.Rental or Lease of Separate Interest
§ 4745.Electric Vehicle Charging Stations; Prohibition of Unreasonable Restrictions; Requirements; Maintenance by Owner; Maintenance by Association; Attorney's Fees
Article 2. Modification of Separate Interest
§ 4760.Permissive Modification of Separate Interest; Requirements
§ 4765.Architectural or Design Review; Procedures for Approval
Article 3. Maintenance
§ 4775.Association Responsibility for Repair, Replacement or Maintenance; Cost Allocation
§ 4780.Damage by Wood-Destroying Pests or Organisms
§ 4785.Notice of Removal of Occupants; Treatment of Wood-Destroying Pests and Organisms
§ 4790.Access for Maintenance of Telephone Wiring
Chapter 6. Association Governance
Article 1. Association Existence and Powers
§ 4800.Management
§ 4805.Powers of Association
§ 4820.Joint Neighborhood Associations; Membership rights
Article 2. Board Meeting
§ 4900.Common Interest Development Open Meeting Act
§ 4910.Board Meeting Required for Action; Electronic Transmissions
§ 4920.Notice of Board Meeting
§ 4923.Emergency Board Meeting
§ 4925.Member Attendance
§ 4930.Requirement for Action by Board; Agenda; Notice
§ 4935.Executive Session
§ 4950.Minutes of Meeting
§ 4955.Violation; Attorney's Fees; Fines
Article 3. Member Meeting
§ 5000.Member Meetings
Article 4. Member Election
§ 5100.Secret Ballot Elections
§ 5105.Election Rule Requirements; Equal Access for Candidates; Qualifications for Candidates; Qualifications for Voting; Inspectors; Nominations from Floor and Write-ins
§ 5110.Inspectors of Election; Duties
§ 5115.Secret Ballots; Procedures
§ 5120.Counting Ballots; Reporting
§ 5125.Custody of Ballots
§ 5130.Proxies
§ 5135.Prohibition of Association Funds for Campaign Purposes
§ 5145.Violation; Relief
Article 5. Record Inspection
§ 5200.Definitions
§ 5205.Availability of Records; Inspection and Copying
§ 5210.Time Periods; Access to Records
§ 5215.Permissible Redactions in Records
§ 5220.Member Opt Out
§ 5225.Reason for Request of Membership List
§ 5230.Restriction on Use of Records
§ 5235.Member Action; Attorney's Fees; Costs
§ 5240.Applicability of the Corporations Code; Applicability of Article to Community Service Organization
Article 6. Recordkeeping
§ 5260.Record Requests; Writing Requirement
Article 7. Annual Reports
§ 5300.Annual Budget Report; Requirements; Availability to Members; Admissibility as Evidence; Assessment and Reserve Funding Disclosure Summary
§ 5305.Review of Financial Statement; Distribution to Members
§ 5310.Annual Policy Statement; Requirements
§ 5320.Delivery of Full Report and Summary
Article 8. Conflict of Interest
§ 5350.Conflict of Interest; Applicability of Corporations Code
Article 9. Managing Agent
§ 5375.Prospective Managing Agent; Written Statement
§ 5380.Management of Common Interest Funds
§ 5385.Meaning of Managing Agent
Article 10. Government Assistance
§ 5400.On-Line Education for Directors
§ 5405.Identification and Registration of Community Associations
Chapter 7. Finances
Article 1. Accounting
§ 5500.Board of Directors; Duties; Operating and Reserve Accounts
Article 2. Use of Reserve Funds
§ 5510.Expenditure of Reserve Accounts
§ 5515.Borrowing from Reserve Accounts
§ 5520.Notice to Members; Accounting of Litigation Expenses
Article 3. Reserve Planning
§ 5550.Study of Reserve Accounts
§ 5560.Reserve Funding Plan; Adoption
§ 5565.Summary of Reserves
§ 5570.Disclosure
§ 5580.Community Service Organizations; Financial Disclosures
Chapter 8. Assessments and Assessment Collection
Article 1. Establishment and Imposition of Assessments
§ 5600.Levy of Assessments; Limitation on Imposition or Collection of Assessments or Fees
§ 5605.Limitation on Increases in Assessments
§ 5610.Emergency Assessments
§ 5615.Notice of Increased or Special Assessment
§ 5620.Exemption from Judgment
§ 5625.Assessments Based on Taxable Value of Separate Interest
Article 2. Assessment Payment and Delinquency
§ 5650.Assessments; Debt of Owner; Association Recovery
§ 5655.Payment of Delinquent Assessments
§ 5658.Payment Under Protest
§ 5660.Notice of Lien
§ 5665.Payment Plans
§ 5670.Meet and Confer
§ 5673.Board Approval Required to Record Lien
§ 5675.Lien; Notice of Delinquent Assessment
§ 5680.Priority of Lien
§ 5685.Release of Lien; Lien Recorded in Error
§ 5690.Failure to Comply with Article; Recommencing Notice
Article 3. Assessment Collection
§ 5700.Enforcement of Lien
§ 5705.Prior to Foreclosure of Liens for Assessment Debt Arising on or After January 1, 2006; Offer to Meet and Confer; Approval by Board; Notice by Personal Service
§ 5710.Sale by Trustee
§ 5715.Right of Redemption
§ 5720.Foreclosure of Liens for Assessment Debt Arising on or After January 1, 2006; Amount and Time Thresholds; Small Claims Court Judgments
§ 5725.Monetary Charge or Penalty Imposed by Association may become a Lien
§ 5730.Notice; Annual Policy Statement
§ 5735.Limitations on Assignment of Right to Collect
§ 5740.Application of Liens Recorded On or After January 1, 2003
Chapter 9. Insurance and Liability
§ 5800.Liability of Volunteer Officer or Director
§ 5805.Liability of Owner in Tenancy-In-Common Common Area
§ 5810.Notice of Insurance Policies
Chapter 10. Dispute Resolution and Enforcement
Article 1. Discipline and Cost Reimbursement
§ 5850.Schedule of Monetary Penalties
§ 5855.Disciplinary Actions and Monetary Charges Imposed by Board; Delivery; Notice
§ 5865.Authority of Board to Impose Monetary Penalties
Article 2. Internal Dispute Resolution
§ 5900.Dispute Resolution; Application
§ 5905.Fair, Reasonable, and Expeditious Procedures
§ 5910.Minimum Requirements; Dispute Resolution Procedures
§ 5915.Statutory Default Procedure
§ 5920.Annual Notice, Description of Association Meet and Confer Program
Article 3. Alternative Dispute Resolution Prerequisite to Civil Action
§ 5925.Definitions
§ 5930.Litigation Pre-Filing Requirements
§ 5935.Initiating the Process; Request for Resolution
§ 5940.Completing the Process; Costs
§ 5945.Statutes of Limitation
§ 5950.Certificate; Commencement of Action
§ 5955.Post-Filing Reference
§ 5960.Refusal to Participate in Pre-Filing Alternative Dispute Resolution
§ 5965.Annual Disclosure
Article 4. Civil Action
§ 5975.Enforcement of Governing Documents
§ 5980.Standing
§ 5985.Allocation of Damages
Chapter 11. Construction Defect Litigation
§ 6000.Filing a Claim for Construction Defects
§ 6100.Disclosure to Members; Resolution of Design or Construction Defect Dispute
§ 6150.Pre-Filing Notice to Members; Requirements
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