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Davis-Stirling Common Interest Development Act

Part 5.  Common Interest Developments

Chapter 4.  Ownership and Transfer of Interests

Article 2.  Transfer Disclosure

§4525.
Owners Disclosure of Specified Items to Prospective Purchasers

(a) The owner of a separate interest shall provide the following documents to a prospective purchaser of the separate interest, as soon as practicable before the transfer of title or the execution of a real property sales contract, as defined in Section 2985:

(1) A copy of all governing documents. If the association is not incorporated, this shall include a statement in writing from an authorized representative of the association that the association is not incorporated.

(2) If there is a restriction in the governing documents limiting the occupancy, residency, or use of a separate interest on the basis of age in a manner different from that provided in Section 51.3, a statement that the restriction is only enforceable to the extent permitted by Section 51.3 and a statement specifying the applicable provisions of Section 51.3.

(3) A copy of the most recent documents distributed pursuant to Article 7 (commencing with Section 5300) of Chapter 6.

(4) A true statement in writing obtained from an authorized representative of the association as to the amount of the association's current regular and special assessments and fees, any assessments levied upon the owner's interest in the common interest development that are unpaid on the date of the statement, and any monetary fines or penalties levied upon the owner's interest and unpaid on the date of the statement. The statement obtained from an authorized representative shall also include true information on late charges, interest, and costs of collection which, as of the date of the statement, are or may be made a lien upon the owner's interest in a common interest development pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 5650) of Chapter 8.

(5) A copy or a summary of any notice previously sent to the owner pursuant to Section 5855 that sets forth any alleged violation of the governing documents that remains unresolved at the time of the request. The notice shall not be deemed a waiver of the association's right to enforce the governing documents against the owner or the prospective purchaser of the separate interest with respect to any violation. This paragraph shall not be construed to require an association to inspect an owner's separate interest.

(6) A copy of the initial list of defects provided to each member pursuant to Section 6000, unless the association and the builder subsequently enter into a settlement agreement or otherwise resolve the matter and the association complies with Section 6100. Disclosure of the initial list of defects pursuant to this paragraph does not waive any privilege attached to the document. The initial list of defects shall also include a statement that a final determination as to whether the list of defects is accurate and complete has not been made.

(7) A copy of the latest information provided for in Section 6100.

(8) Any change in the association's current regular and special assessments and fees which have been approved by the board, but have not become due and payable as of the date disclosure is provided pursuant to this subdivision.

(9) If there is a provision in the governing documents that prohibits the rental or leasing of any of the separate interests in the common interest development to a renter, lessee, or tenant, a statement describing the prohibition.

(10) If requested by the prospective purchaser, a copy of the minutes of board meetings, excluding meetings held in executive session, conducted over the previous 12 months, that were approved by the board.

(b) This section does not apply to an owner that is subject to Section 11018.6 of the Business and Professions Code.

Davis-Stirling Common Interest Development Act
Part 5.  Common Interest Developments
Chapter 1. General Provisions
Article 1. Preliminary Provisions
§ 4000.Citation
§ 4005.Headings
§ 4010.Effect of Act on Documents or Actions Before January 1, 2014
§ 4020.Construction of Zoning Ordinances
§ 4035.Delivery of Documents to Association
§ 4040.Individual Delivery or Individual Notice
§ 4045.General Delivery or General Notice
§ 4050.Completion of Delivery
§ 4055.Electronic Delivery
§ 4065.Approval by Majority Vote
§ 4070.Approval by Majority of a Quorum
Article 2. Definitions
§ 4075.Definitions
§ 4076.Annual Budget Report
§ 4078.Annual Policy Statement
§ 4080.Association
§ 4085.Board
§ 4090.Board Meeting
§ 4095.Common Area
§ 4100.Common Interest Development
§ 4105.Community Apartment Project
§ 4110.Community Service Organization or Similar Entity
§ 4120.Condominium Plan
§ 4125.Condominium Project
§ 4130.Declarant
§ 4135.Declaration
§ 4140.Director
§ 4145.Exclusive Use Common Area
§ 4148.General Notice
§ 4150.Governing Documents
§ 4153.Individual Notice
§ 4155.Item of Business
§ 4158.Managing Agent
§ 4160.Member
§ 4170.Person
§ 4175.Planned Development
§ 4177.Reserve Accounts
§ 4178.Reserve Account Requirements
§ 4185.Separate Interest
§ 4190.Stock Cooperative
Chapter 2. Application of Act
§ 4200.Application of Act; Creation of Common Interest Development
§ 4201.Requirement of Common Area
§ 4202.Nonapplicable Provisions for Commercial CIDs
Chapter 3. Governing Documents
Article 1. General Provisions
§ 4205.Controlling Authority
§ 4210.Assessments; Board Statements
§ 4215.Liberal Construction of Instruments
§ 4220.Boundaries of Units; Presumption
§ 4225.Discriminatory Restrictive Covenants; Removal from Governing Documents
§ 4230.Amendment of Governing Documents for Certain Declarant Provisions
§ 4235.Amendment of Governing Documents to Reflect Changes in the Davis-Stirling Common Interest Development Act
Article 2. Declaration
§ 4250.Declaration; Contents
§ 4255.Declaration; Notice of Airport in Vicinity; Notice of San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission Jurisdiction.
§ 4260.Permissible Amendment of Declaration
§ 4265.Extension of Term of Declaration
§ 4270.Amendment of Declaration; Effective Date
§ 4275.Amendment of Declaration; Power of Court to Approve Amendment; Recording Amendment; Mailing
Article 3. Articles of Incorporation
§ 4280.Articles of Incorporation; Identifying Corporation as Association; Business Office Address; Managing Agent's Name and Address
Article 4. Condominium Plan
§ 4285.Condominium Plan; Requirements
§ 4290.Certificate Consenting to Recordation of Condominium Plan; Signature Requirement
§ 4295.Condominium Plan; Amendment or Revocation
Article 5. Operating Rules 20
§ 4340.Operating Rules; Definitions
§ 4350.Validity of Operating Rules
§ 4355.Application of §4360 and §4365
§ 4360.Notice of Rule Change
§ 4365.Notice of Reversal of Rule Change
§ 4370.Application of Article
Chapter 4. Ownership and Transfer of Interests
Article 1. Ownership Rights and Interests
§ 4500.Ownership of Common Area
§ 4505.Common Area Rights and Easements
§ 4510.Access to Owners' Separate Interest
Article 2. Transfer Disclosure
§ 4525.Sale or Title Transfer; Provisions of Specified Items to Prospective Purchasers
§ 4528.Billing Disclosures
§ 4530.Sale or Title Transfer; Copies; Fees
§ 4535.Application of §1133 and §1134
§ 4540.Enforcement of Act
§ 4545.Validity of Title Transferred in Violation
Article 3. Transfer Fee
§ 4575.Prohibition of Fees
§ 4580.Exceptions
Article 4. Restrictions on Transfer
§ 4600.Granting Exclusive Use of Common Area
§ 4605.Actions for Violations
§ 4610.Partition
§ 4615.Labor Performed, Services or Materials
Article 5. Transfer of Separate Interest
§ 4625.Community Apartment Project Transfer of Separate Interest
§ 4630.Condominium Project Transfer of Separate Interest
§ 4635.Planned Development Transfer of Separate Interest
§ 4640.Stock Cooperative Transfer of Separate Interest
§ 4645.Transfer of Exclusive Use Areas
§ 4650.Restrictions on Partition
Chapter 5. Property Use and Maintenance
Article 1. Protected Uses
§ 4700.Limitations on Regulation of Separate Interest
§ 4705.Display of the Flag of the United States of America
§ 4710.Sign Restrictions
§ 4715.Restrictions on Pets
§ 4720.Roof Coverings; Fires and Fire Protection
§ 4725.Video or Television Antennas; Satellite Dish Systems; Restrictions on Installation; Application for Approval
§ 4730.Prohibition of Marketing Limitations
§ 4735.Low Water-using Plants; Water-Efficient Landscape Ordinances; Emergency Water Use Regulations
§ 4740.Rental or Lease of Separate Interest
§ 4745.Electric Vehicle Charging Stations; Prohibition of Unreasonable Restrictions; Requirements; Maintenance by Owner; Maintenance by Association; Attorney's Fees
Article 2. Modification of Separate Interest
§ 4760.Permissive Modification of Separate Interest; Requirements
§ 4765.Architectural or Design Review; Procedures for Approval
Article 3. Maintenance
§ 4775.Association Responsibility for Repair, Replacement or Maintenance; Cost Allocation
§ 4780.Damage by Wood-Destroying Pests or Organisms
§ 4785.Notice of Removal of Occupants; Treatment of Wood-Destroying Pests and Organisms
§ 4790.Access for Maintenance of Telephone Wiring
Chapter 6. Association Governance
Article 1. Association Existence and Powers
§ 4800.Management
§ 4805.Powers of Association
§ 4820.Joint Neighborhood Associations; Membership rights
Article 2. Board Meeting
§ 4900.Common Interest Development Open Meeting Act
§ 4910.Board Meeting Required for Action; Electronic Transmissions
§ 4920.Notice of Board Meeting
§ 4923.Emergency Board Meeting
§ 4925.Member Attendance
§ 4930.Requirement for Action by Board; Agenda; Notice
§ 4935.Executive Session
§ 4950.Minutes of Meeting
§ 4955.Violation; Attorney's Fees; Fines
Article 3. Member Meeting
§ 5000.Member Meetings
Article 4. Member Election
§ 5100.Secret Ballot Elections
§ 5105.Election Rule Requirements; Equal Access for Candidates; Qualifications for Candidates; Qualifications for Voting; Inspectors; Nominations from Floor and Write-ins
§ 5110.Inspectors of Election; Duties
§ 5115.Secret Ballots; Procedures
§ 5120.Counting Ballots; Reporting
§ 5125.Custody of Ballots
§ 5130.Proxies
§ 5135.Prohibition of Association Funds for Campaign Purposes
§ 5145.Violation; Relief
Article 5. Record Inspection
§ 5200.Definitions
§ 5205.Availability of Records; Inspection and Copying
§ 5210.Time Periods; Access to Records
§ 5215.Permissible Redactions in Records
§ 5220.Member Opt Out
§ 5225.Reason for Request of Membership List
§ 5230.Restriction on Use of Records
§ 5235.Member Action; Attorney's Fees; Costs
§ 5240.Applicability of the Corporations Code; Applicability of Article to Community Service Organization
Article 6. Recordkeeping
§ 5260.Record Requests; Writing Requirement
Article 7. Annual Reports
§ 5300.Annual Budget Report; Requirements; Availability to Members; Admissibility as Evidence; Assessment and Reserve Funding Disclosure Summary
§ 5305.Review of Financial Statement; Distribution to Members
§ 5310.Annual Policy Statement; Requirements
§ 5320.Delivery of Full Report and Summary
Article 8. Conflict of Interest
§ 5350.Conflict of Interest; Applicability of Corporations Code
Article 9. Managing Agent
§ 5375.Prospective Managing Agent; Written Statement
§ 5380.Management of Common Interest Funds
§ 5385.Meaning of Managing Agent
Article 10. Government Assistance
§ 5400.On-Line Education for Directors
§ 5405.Identification and Registration of Community Associations
Chapter 7. Finances
Article 1. Accounting
§ 5500.Board of Directors; Duties; Operating and Reserve Accounts
Article 2. Use of Reserve Funds
§ 5510.Expenditure of Reserve Accounts
§ 5515.Borrowing from Reserve Accounts
§ 5520.Notice to Members; Accounting of Litigation Expenses
Article 3. Reserve Planning
§ 5550.Study of Reserve Accounts
§ 5560.Reserve Funding Plan; Adoption
§ 5565.Summary of Reserves
§ 5570.Disclosure
§ 5580.Community Service Organizations; Financial Disclosures
Chapter 8. Assessments and Assessment Collection
Article 1. Establishment and Imposition of Assessments
§ 5600.Levy of Assessments; Limitation on Imposition or Collection of Assessments or Fees
§ 5605.Limitation on Increases in Assessments
§ 5610.Emergency Assessments
§ 5615.Notice of Increased or Special Assessment
§ 5620.Exemption from Judgment
§ 5625.Assessments Based on Taxable Value of Separate Interest
Article 2. Assessment Payment and Delinquency
§ 5650.Assessments; Debt of Owner; Association Recovery
§ 5655.Payment of Delinquent Assessments
§ 5658.Payment Under Protest
§ 5660.Notice of Lien
§ 5665.Payment Plans
§ 5670.Meet and Confer
§ 5673.Board Approval Required to Record Lien
§ 5675.Lien; Notice of Delinquent Assessment
§ 5680.Priority of Lien
§ 5685.Release of Lien; Lien Recorded in Error
§ 5690.Failure to Comply with Article; Recommencing Notice
Article 3. Assessment Collection
§ 5700.Enforcement of Lien
§ 5705.Prior to Foreclosure of Liens for Assessment Debt Arising on or After January 1, 2006; Offer to Meet and Confer; Approval by Board; Notice by Personal Service
§ 5710.Sale by Trustee
§ 5715.Right of Redemption
§ 5720.Foreclosure of Liens for Assessment Debt Arising on or After January 1, 2006; Amount and Time Thresholds; Small Claims Court Judgments
§ 5725.Monetary Charge or Penalty Imposed by Association may become a Lien
§ 5730.Notice; Annual Policy Statement
§ 5735.Limitations on Assignment of Right to Collect
§ 5740.Application of Liens Recorded On or After January 1, 2003
Chapter 9. Insurance and Liability
§ 5800.Liability of Volunteer Officer or Director
§ 5805.Liability of Owner in Tenancy-In-Common Common Area
§ 5810.Notice of Insurance Policies
Chapter 10. Dispute Resolution and Enforcement
Article 1. Discipline and Cost Reimbursement
§ 5850.Schedule of Monetary Penalties
§ 5855.Disciplinary Actions and Monetary Charges Imposed by Board; Delivery; Notice
§ 5865.Authority of Board to Impose Monetary Penalties
Article 2. Internal Dispute Resolution
§ 5900.Dispute Resolution; Application
§ 5905.Fair, Reasonable, and Expeditious Procedures
§ 5910.Minimum Requirements; Dispute Resolution Procedures
§ 5915.Statutory Default Procedure
§ 5920.Annual Notice, Description of Association Meet and Confer Program
Article 3. Alternative Dispute Resolution Prerequisite to Civil Action
§ 5925.Definitions
§ 5930.Litigation Pre-Filing Requirements
§ 5935.Initiating the Process; Request for Resolution
§ 5940.Completing the Process; Costs
§ 5945.Statutes of Limitation
§ 5950.Certificate; Commencement of Action
§ 5955.Post-Filing Reference
§ 5960.Refusal to Participate in Pre-Filing Alternative Dispute Resolution
§ 5965.Annual Disclosure
Article 4. Civil Action
§ 5975.Enforcement of Governing Documents
§ 5980.Standing
§ 5985.Allocation of Damages
Chapter 11. Construction Defect Litigation
§ 6000.Filing a Claim for Construction Defects
§ 6100.Disclosure to Members; Resolution of Design or Construction Defect Dispute
§ 6150.Pre-Filing Notice to Members; Requirements
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